Muzeji (1)

#Erasmus


Prispevek Andreja, ki je prvi v sklopu tematsko podobnih, danes spregovori o nekaterih muzejih v Ljubljani. Gre za subjektiven vtis avtorja o obisku štirih muzejev v centru naše prestolnice.


During the cloudy and rainy weekend in mid of March, I’ve visited 4 museums in Ljubljana, the National gallery, Modern gallery, Museum of Natural History and the Slovenian National museum. Logically, you can assume that this part of the center is somewhat of a museum quarter of Ljubljana. The museums themselves are located in the center of the city and you can reach the museums fairly easy, distance between them is less than 5-minute walk. I am going to begin this blog post with Natural and National museums for practical reasons.

The museum of Natural History and the National museum are located in the same Neoclassical style building on the address Muzejska street 1, although they don’t have anything in common. The reason why they are grouped together is, I figure, for convenience sake. With that said, both museums are typical what you can expect from those types. I do have to mention that their size makes them perfect for a 1 to 2 hours visit. The best parts of the natural museum are the skeletal preservations of a Mamut, Bear, and a Fin whale, which has a recent story how he ended up on the small Slovenian Coast. Today’s museums almost always provide interactive features to their visitors. The maritime section, where the whale is located, provides entertainment for adults and kids alike, in form of three interactive simplistic games. The games are using the Microsoft’s Xbox Kinect motion technology and it provides a unique motion experience which I have found interesting and a smart use of the device. With the Kinect you control your movements on the screen with your hands instead of a joystick. Unfortunately, I did not find the National Museum very interesting, since it is too small and compared to the Natural museum, not so rich with content. However, I do think that there is a logical reason for that. Slovenian national history is much richer from the 18th century onwards, and since the museum is focused on the history of the Slovenian lands until the 18th century, the appeal is not so lasting. The museum provides more of a general history of the ancient, roman, and middle ages history that you can find in any specific history book, encyclopedia or Wikipedia. To conclude, both of the museums are worth a visit if you are interested in the topic, but don’t set your expectations high.

The National and Modern gallery are a whole other story, but not only in content but also in the feeling and approach they have to their visitors. Both museums are located on Cankarjeva road in the center of the city and both of them have their own building instead of being grouped together in one big building.

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Narodna galerija. / National Gallery. Foto/Photo: Andrej Aleksandrov

That provides more space for visitors to be fully engaged in the exhibitions, but also enhances the visit itself since it can provide other experiences that may be linked to the museum itself, like Coffee bars. In the National Gallery you will find art, mostly statues and paintings, from the different authors of High Middle Ages of the 14th century until the end with the 20th century. Before visiting the museum, it is recommended to know a little more about Slovenian history so that the visitor does not get confused with German surnames that dominate until the beginning of the 18th century. But to be fair, that is just my impression and more of a historian perspective. The art itself is really the best part, especially the landscapes painted by the Slovenian realist painter Marko Pernhart. The smaller section of the 20th century art I found to be least interesting, especially if you compare it to the Modern gallery.

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Foto: Andrej Aleksandrov

Modern gallery is by far the museum I was most impressed by of all the mentioned here. I was never really a fan of modern 20th century art since most of the messages that the mediums send don’t really resonant with me, but I always appreciate the way modern artists try to do that. What I really appreciated was the lack of social modernism that I expected more, maybe because of my biases towards Yugoslavian modern art in general. I think that the curators that made the exhibition are younger people since I was highly impressed with some of the art. I did not except to see pixel art, vaporwave and contemporary meme culture exhibited in a gallery, since meme culture is expendable (Who remembers troll face?) and speaks directly to millennial generation.

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Foto: Andrej Aleksandrov

Lastly, I will finish with my general insights. I enjoyed my visits to the museums. Each left a different impression on me with its style and its contents. Earlier before I mentioned how other parts can play a role in the experience of visiting a museum. There is no better example of than the Galerija`s Kavarna, located under the Modern gallery. A hip place that does not fit into a general idea what a museum represents, but fits perfectly into the Modern gallery.

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Foto: Andrej Aleksandrov


Bil je oblačen in deževen vikend v sredini marca, ko sem se odločil, da obiščem štiri muzeje v centru Ljubljane: Narodno galerijo, Moderno galerijo, Prirodoslovni muzej in Narodni muzej. Lahko bi rekli, da gre za nekakšno muzejsko četrt. Vsi omenjeni muzeji so med seboj oddaljeni le pet minut hoda.

Prispevek iz povsem praktičnega vidika začenjam s Prirodoslovnim in Narodnim muzejem, saj oba najdemo skupaj v neoklasicistični stavbi na naslovu Muzejska 1, čeprav nimata nič skupnega. Predvidevam, da sta pristala skupaj zgolj iz ugodnosti. Oba muzeja sta tisto, kar od njiju obiskovalec že vnaprej pričakuje. Ko se boste odločili za njun obisk, imejte eno do dve uri časa. Najboljši muzejski eksponati, ki na ogled v Prirodoslovnem muzeju so okostja mamuta, medveda in brazdastega kita. Zadnji s seboj nosi tudi zgodbo kako je pristal na majhni slovenski obali. Današnji muzeji skoraj vedno svojim obiskovalcem pripravijo interaktivne vsebine, ki spremljajo njihov obisk. Tako morski oddelek, kjer je na ogled tudi kitovo okostje, ponuja tako otrokom kot odraslim, tri enostavne interaktivne igre. Igre, ki delujejo na osnovi Microsoftove Xbox Kinect tehnologije predstavljajo svojevrstno izkušnjo, ki me je navdušila. Z uporabo rok usmerjate svoje gibanje na zaslonu in to je posebna izkušnja, saj vam v rokah ni potrebno držati računalniških konzol ali drugih podobnih pripomočkov.

Za žalost se moj obisk Narodnega muzeja ni zaključil s posebnimi vtisi. Ta je tudi manjši in ponuja manj vsebine, če primerjam s Prirodoslovnim muzejem. Menim, da je za to logičen razlog. Slovenska zgodovina je veliko bogatejša od 18. stoletja dalje, muzej pa se posveča zgodovini slovenskih dežel do 18. stoletja. Muzej brez dvoma predstavi veliko več splošne zgodovine od antičnih časov prek srednjega veka kot jo lahko najdete v kateri izmed splošnih zgodovinskih knjig, enciklopediji ali Wikipediji. Če povzamem: oba muzeja je vredno obiskati, a ne imejte previsokih pričakovanj.

Obisk Narodne in Moderne galerije je povsem druga zgodba – ne samo po vsebini, ki jo ponujata, temveč tudi v občutku in pristopu, ki ga imata do obiskovalcev.  Obe galeriji se nahajata na Cankarjevi cesti v središču mesta. Ker je vsaka od galerij v svoji stavbi, že to dejstvo obiskovalcu omogoči drugačen pristop do njunih razstav. Povsem drugačno izkušnjo obiska dobi obiskovalec tudi zaradi dejavnosti, ki niso neposredno povezane z galerijskim program, kot sta recimo kavarna in slaščičarna. V Narodni galeriji boste našli likovno umetnost, v večini kipe in slike različnih avtorjev od visokega srednjega veka 14. stoletja do 20. stoletja. Preden galerijo obiščete, priporočam hiter vpogled v slovensko zgodovino, da ne boste začudeni ob obilici nemških priimkov, ki so v deželi dominirali vse do začetka 18. stoletja. Vsaj tak je moj vtis, če gledam iz zgodovinske perspektive. Med deli so me najbolj pritegnile realistične krajine slikarja Marka Pernharta. Majhen del razstave, ki je posvečen 20. stoletju me ni preveč navdušil, še posebej če primerjam z Moderno galerijo. Ta je bila tista, ki me je od vseh do sedaj omenjenih najbolj impresionirala. Sam nikoli nisem bil navdušenec moderne umetnosti 20. stoletja, saj se me umetniška dela ne dotaknejo in mi ne posredujejo posebnih sporočil, čeprav občudujem način avtorjev prek katerih ta sporočila posredujejo. Pričakoval sem, da bo na ogled več del socialnega modernizma, verjetno zato, ker sem predvideval, da bo na ogled več jugoslovanske moderne umetnosti. Menim, da so kustosi, ki so postavljali razstavo iz mlajše generacije, saj sem bil prijetno presenečen nad nekaterimi deli. Nisem namreč pričakoval da bom videl umetniška dela, ki jih sicer vidimo v računalniških igricah (pixel art), waporwawe in sodobno meme kulturo prav v galeriji, saj imamo meme kulturo za potrošni material (Se kdo spomni »troll face«?), ki neposredno nagovarja generacijo Milenijcev.

Ob obisku muzejev sem zelo užival. Vsak posebej je na meni pustil drugačne vtise zaradi različnega stila in vsebine. Prej sem že omenil kako lahko določeni sestavni deli muzeja vplivajo na celotno občutenje obiska muzeja. Tako ni boljšega primera kot je Galerija Kavarna, ki jo najdemo pod Moderno galerijo. To je povsem hipsterski prostor, ki se ne ujema z idejo kaj naj bi muzej predstavljal, a perfektno sobiva z Moderno galerijo.

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