LJUBLJANSKI GRAD

#Erasmus


Ljubljanski grad je tista točka, ki jo je Andrej obiskal že večkrat. Tokrat pa se je poglobil še v vsebine, ki ga ta ponuja.


I’ve decided to visit the Ljubljana castle once more since I did not cover it yet on the blog and because I actually like that place. Last time I was there was at the beginning of March and it was cold and humid. Two months later on the first Sunday in May the weather was almost the same which is always a bummer.  I wanted to see how many people will come on the free Sunday compared to any other day but to my shock the entrance wasn’t free. I don’t know why really that was the case but all the museums should be free on the first Sunday of the month. I guess it depends who is the owner of the museum, if it is the state, city or private owner.

Ljubljana castle was first built in the 11th century but it’s today shape was constructed in the 16th century. It was an important defensive and administrative place until the 18th and 19th century when it was stopped being used by the nobles who owned it.  Famous Ljubnanian mayor Ivan Hribar bought the castle in 1905, when it was in ruins, and decided to turn it into a cultural place where people would hang out. Today’s function of the castle is in the line with Hribar’s vison, since the Castle has 3 museums: The museum of Slovenian History, the castle museum that includes an audio-visual guide trough the castle history and a possibility to have a good look on the whole city from the viewpoint and a puppetry museum. There is also another exhibition room where they have temporary exhibitions from time to time.

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Foto: Andrej Aleksandrov

The castle is located close to the city centre on the hill and you can access it on foot or with the cable car. On the outside we have old baroque walls, a moat that no longer functions and inside a big courtyard. All the museums are easily accessible from the courtyard. You can also find a restaurant to have some food or drink and a souvenir shop with its own mascot Frederic the rat. Under the courtyard there is a part dedicated to the castle history with old pictures of the castle. Did you know that the viewpoint tower was constructed at the end of 19th century?

I visited the Museum of puppets first since I was not there before. I found it to be really interactive with the audience and interesting, but the puppets themselves are really creepy. They looked evil and menacing. But that is part of the charm and my own interpretation of their design and style. It’s the same with clowns, who are supposed to be entertainment for children, but some people are afraid of them. Some of the puppets were historical representations from Slovenian history, like peasants, priests and soldiers. Contemporary history is covered with Partisans, German and Italian soldiers and Hitler himself.

The Slovenian history museum is not big and does not have a lot of exhibits, but that does not make it bad. It is very interactive and full of information regarding Roman, Middle age and Contemporary Slovenian history, so the whole history is covered. The thing that made me laugh is a mini video game where your goal is as the famous leader Josip Broz Tito to catch Yugoslavian flags and avoid other flags from democratic and communist states, and on the end they display your score. Maybe the best thing that comes with the museum is the booklet you can take on the entrance. I find it great as a source of information about Slovenian history and as a practice tool for my poor Slovenian. I think it would be really nice if they made the same booklet on English since the castle has a lot of foreign tourists.

And lastly I will talk about the viewpoint interior. Inside the castle there is a chapel, where on the roof you can see emblems of previous owners of the castle, a not very interesting torture room and viewpoint from where you can have a great view on the city and the Kamnik Alps. To know about the history of the castle itself, the museum offers an audio-visual guide and in my personal opinion it is good and concise.

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Odločil sem se, da ponovno obiščem Ljubljanski grad, saj ga v prispevkih še nisem opisoval, pa tudi sicer mi je lokacija zelo všečna. Zadnjič ko sem ga obiskal v začetku marca, je bilo mrzlo in deževno. Dva meseca kasneje, na prvo nedeljo v mesecu maju, je bilo vreme podobno, kar je bilo pravzaprav neprijetno. Želel sem videti koliko ljudi bo grad obiskalo na »prosto nedeljo« v primerjavi s katerim drugim dnevom, a sem bil presenečen, saj vstop ni bil brezplačen. Nisem vedel kje tiči razlog, saj naj bi bil vstop v vse muzeje brezplačen. Očitno je odvisno od lastnika zavoda: če gre torej za državo, mesto ali privatnega lastnika.

Ljubljanski grad je bil prvič zgrajen v 11. stoletju, toda današnjo obliko je dobil v 16. stoletju. Bil je del pomembnega obrambnega in administrativnega središča vse do 18. in 19. stoletja, ko ga plemstvo, ki ga je lastilo, ni več uporabljalo. Pomemben ljubljanski župan Ivan Hribar je grad kupil v letu 1905, ko so ostale le še ruševine in odločil se je, da ga bo spremenil v pomembno kulturno točko, ki bi združevala ljudi. Današnja vizija gradu se sklada s Hribarjevo, saj na gradu domujejo trije muzeji: muzej slovenske zgodovine, muzej samega gradu (vključuje tudi avdio-vizualni vodnik po zgodovini gradu in vključuje tudi možnost, da se povzpnete na stolp iz katerega je odpre čudovit razgled na mesto) ter Lutkovni muzej. Najdete pa lahko tudi še razstavni prostor, kjer domujejo občasne razstave.

Na grad, ki stoji na vzpetini, se brez večjih težav povzpnete iz centra mesta, lahko peš ali pa se odločite za lažjo možnost – vzpenjačo.  Na zunanji strani lahko opazimo stare baročne zidove, obrambni jarek, ki že dolgo ne opravlja več svoje funkcije – znotraj gradu pa se znajdemo na velikem notranjem dvorišču. Do vseh muzejev enostavno dostopamo prav prek osrednjega dvorišča. Na dvorišču se nahaja tudi restavracija ter trgovina s spominki, kjer najdete tudi maskoto Friderika, podgano. Pod dvoriščem se nahaja del, ki je posvečen zgodovini gradu s starimi fotografijami gradu. Ali ste vedeli, da je bil najvišji stolp zgrajen ob koncu 19. stoletja?

Tokrat sem obiskal tudi Lutkovni muzej. Zdel se mi je zelo interaktiven, v stalnem kontaktu z obiskovalcem in zanimiv, toda lutke same so se mi zdele precej strašljive. Njihov pogled je bil hudoben in napadalen. To je seveda del njihovega šarma in moje lastne interpretacije njihove oblike in stila. Podoben občutek imam, ko vidim klovne –  ti naj bi zabavali otroke, pa se jih nekateri ljudje bojijo. Nekatere izmed lutk prikazujejo slovensko zgodovino, kot na primer lutke kmeta, duhovnika in vojakov. Novejšo zgodovino prikazujejo lutke partizana, nemškega in italijanskega vojaka kot tudi lutka Hitlerja.

Muzej slovenske zgodovine ni velik, razstava ni obsežna, a zato še ni slab. Je sicer precej interaktiven in poln informacij o obdobju Rimljanov na slovenskih tleh, srednjem veku in novejši slovenski zgodovini, tako da je pokrita celotna zgodovina. Ena izmed igric mi je izvabila nasmeh: gre za video igrico, kjer je vaš cilj, da kot znan voditelj Josip Broz Tito zberete vse jugoslovanske zastave in se izognete tistim iz demokratičnih in tudi komunističnih držav, na koncu pa vam igrica izračuna rezultat. Sama razstava je dobra iztočnica prek katere izvemo marsikaj o slovenski zgodovini in je bila tudi praktičen pripomoček za izboljšanje moje slabe slovenščine. Bilo bi dobro, če bi bil na voljo kratek vodič po razstavi v angleščini, tudi zato, ker grad obišče mnogo tujih turistov.

Za konec bom spregovoril o najvišji točki gradu, stolpu. Nanj se povzpnete po stopnišču, a lahko vmes obiščete še kapelo, kjer si lahko ogledate grbe vseh lastnikov gradu, malo manj je zanimiva sobana mučilnih orodij. Iz najvišje točke gradu je res odličen razgled na samo mesto in Kamniško-Savinjske Alpe. Če želite več izvedeti o gradu vam muzej ponuja tudi avdio-vizualni vodič in ogled na tak način res priporočam, saj vam celoten grajski kompleks dobro in jedrnato predstavi.

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