Zapeljimo se z vlakom – v dediščino!

#Erasmus


Tania se je podala na obisk v Železniški muzej Slovenskih železnic ter raziskala svet industrijske dediščine. Vabljeni k branju!


Hello again! Today I will talk you about Ljubljana’s industrial heritage, focusing in Slovenia’s Railway Museum, a hidden but really worthy place to visit in the capital.

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Although the marvelous reviews that this museum has not only in TripAdvisor, but also in the visitor’s book, I got the impression that the Railway Museum is the forgotten one in Ljubljana for some reasons. First of all, because of its location: placed in the heart of Bežigrad neighbourhood, the museum is a living testimony of Ljubljana’s old and nowadays industrialization. The institution is surrounded by a complex of several factories, all of them in the most (and the only) dangerous zone of the city. Furthermore, there is a lack of signposting in the way to Railway Museum (and the result is you can easily get lost), which linked to the constant road works make difficult to find the entrance.

It is basically formed by two buildings: the central one, where you can find a rotunda as wells as some engines and other museum vehicles. This part of the exhibition is static as steam locomotives are shown with a written and too technical explanation. In spite of the lack of interaction and educational mediation, every train enthusiast would love being surrounded by such historical jewels.

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However, in the second building, the exhibition enhances your first prospects about this museum due to the fact that you can find not only technical details (such as communication systems and their development), but also items which belonged to railway workers. Although the museography of this part is classic and austere, it’s also effective. In fact, I would like to emphasize the recreation of station master’s and ticket offices as the best parts of the exhibition. Through these both scenographies you have the opportunity of traveling to the past and feeling how trains changed citizens’ everyday life. I also found really interesting railway employees’ uniforms and equipments, from Austria-Hungarian period (s. XIX) to nowadays, that were on display. Although these varied little over the years, you could see the different stages of Slovenian most recent history (such as the Second World War or Yugoslavian times), as well as changes (for example, women’s irruption to railway world) through them.

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Another good point for the museum is its kind and attentive staff: as a foreigner, they made me a brief introduction to the museum and to Slovenian railway history. You can feel how deep do they love their job, even though it seems to me that not a lot people visit the museum. In fact, I was the only visitor at that moment. This problem lies in a low budget and insufficient dissemination of the institution. However, forgetting and underestimating the legacy of industrial heritage, which paradoxically has been very relevant, is a repeated mantra throughout Europe. As a matter of fact, all these lacks and problems that I have noticed in this museum also happen in my hometown and region (Bilbao – Basque Country). It seems as if the industrial heritage was a third class heritage and it’s not.  One good evidence of its value is, without a doubt, Slovenia’s Railway Museum.

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Pozdravljeni! Tokrat bi vas rada popeljala na ogled industrijske dediščine, ki se skriva v Železniškem muzeju Slovenskih železnic. Četudi gre za precej skrit kotiček v prestolnici, je to točka, ki jo je vredno obiskati.

Četudi tako na TripAdvisorju kot tudi knjigi vtisov lahko preberete, da je muzej enkraten, sem dobila vtis da je kljub vsemu prezrt. Prvi razlog se skriva v njegovi lokaciji: najdete ga v središču bežigrajske soseske in muzej neposredno pričuje o industrializaciji Ljubljane nekoč in danes. Stavba obdajajo različne stavbe nekdanjih tovarn, večina njih pa stoji na območju najbolj (in edine) nevarnega področja mesta. Pomanjanje usmerjevalnih tabel še pripomore, da se bodoči obiskovalec še lažje izgubi. Otežkočen dostop do vhoda zaradi gradbenih cestnih posegov še dodatno lahko povzroči slabo voljo.

Muzejska stavba sestoji iz dveh poslopij, prva je rotunda s predstavitvijo motorjev in ostalih strojev muzejske vrednosti. Prvi del razstave sem dojela kot precej statično s preveč tehničnimi podatki o elementih o razstavljenih muzejskih predmetih. Četudi lahko pogrešate interaktivne in edukacijske vložke, je lahko vsakemu navdušencu dovolj že to, da je obdan s takšnimi sijajnimi zgodovinskimi primerki.

Druga muzejska stavba dopolnjuje prvotni izbor muzejskih predmetov, kjer ne najdete ne le tehnične detajle, temveč tudi predmete, ki so jih uporabljali delavci na železnici. Muzeografija je v tem delu precej klasična in enostavna, a hkrati efektivna. Rekonstrukcija postaje ter prodaje vozovnic je najboljši del razstavne predstavitve. Prav prek teh dveh scenografij se obiskovalec lahko lažje potopi v pretekli svet in začuti kako je prihod železnice spremenil vsakdanjik prebivalcev. Poleg že omenjenega me je pritegnila tudi predstavitev uniform železniških uradnik od obdobja Avstro-Ogrske do današnjih dni. Te so se spreminjale in hrati jasno prikazujejo različna obdobje slovenske polpretekle zgodovine, obdobje druge svetovne vojne in čas druge Jugoslavije, pa tudi spremembe, ko so ženske vstopile v svet železnice.

Zelo dober vtis so name naredili tudi zaposleni v muzeju, ki so mi predstavili kratko zgodovino tako samega muzeja kot zgodovino železnice na Slovenskem. Občutiti je mogoče njihovo ljubezen do opravljanja svojega poklica, četudi menim, da prav veliko obiskovalcev ne zaide v njihov muzej. V času svojega obiska sem bila namreč njihova edina obiskovalka. Četudi pozabljamo na pomembnost industrijske dediščine, ki je bila paradoksalno izjemno pomembna, mnenje, ki ga slišimo večkrat. Zanimivo, vse pomanjkljivosti in težave, ki sem jih opazila v tem muzeju se dogajajo tudi v mojem domačem kraju in regiji (Bilbao – Baskija). Videti je kot da je industrijska dediščina pravzaprav neke vrste tretjerazredna dediščina, kar seveda ni. To dokazuje tudi Železniški muzej Slovenskih železnic, ki prikazuje njeno vrednost.

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